Curtiss Aeroplane and Motor Company was an American aircraft manufacturer that went public in 1916 with Glenn Hammond Curtiss as president.

Glenn Curtiss had helped found the Aerial Experimental Association in 1907 and he created the Herring-Curtiss Company with Augustus Moore Herring in 1909; this was renamed the Curtiss Aeroplane Company in 1910.
The Curtiss Aeroplane and Motor Company was created January 1916 from the Curtiss Aeroplane Company of Hammondsport, New York and Curtiss Motor Company of Bath, New York. Burgess Company of Marblehead, Massachusetts, became a subsidiary in February 1916.

With the onset of World War I, military orders rose sharply, and Curtiss needed to expand quickly. It became the largest aircraft manufacturer in the world during World War I, employing 18,000 in Buffalo and 3,000 in Hammondsport, New York. Curtiss produced 10,000 aircraft during that war, and more than 100 in a single week.

It is particularly famous for the Curtiss JN4 two-seat biplane, one of the most popular aircraft of all time. Curtiss worked with the British and Canadian Allies, JN 4s were built in Canada, and many were used as trainers in England. 

During World War II, as a division of Curtiss-Wright Corporation, Curtiss manufactured over 29,000 aircraft, including 3,000 Curtiss C-46 Commando transport aircraft for the US Army Air Corps/Force, almost 14,000 P-40 fighters, made famous by their use by Claire Chennault's Flying Tigers in China, and later in the war, over 7,000 SB2C Helldivers. -

Curtiss P-40

Click for Curtiss P-40 sound recordings page

The Curtiss P-40 was an American single-engine, single-seat, all-metal fighter and ground attack aircraft that first flew in 1938. It was used by the air forces of 28 nations, including those of most Allied powers during World War II, and remained in front line service until the end of the war. By November 1944, when production of the P-40 ceased, 13,738 had been built, all at Curtiss-Wright Corporation's main production facility at Buffalo, New York.

P-40s first saw combat with the British Commonwealth squadrons of the Desert Air Force (DAF) in the Middle East and North African campaigns, during June 1941. The Royal Air Force's No. 112 Squadron was among the first to operate Tomahawks, in North Africa, and the unit was the first to feature the "shark mouth" logo, copying similar markings on some Luftwaffe Messerschmitt Bf 110 twin-engine fighters. The logo was most famously used on P-40s by the Flying Tigers in China. -

Curtiss P-40

Hanger 11's P-40 during a display. Aircraft is powered by a single Allison V1710-99 V-12 liquid-cooled engine.

Click for Curtiss P-40 sound recording page

P.40 Taxiing with crackle and pop Allison engine

The Hanger 11 collection's P.40 taxiing by after a display with the distinctive crackle of the Allison V1710-99 V-1 engine. Recorded 6th June 2010 at the Shuttleworth Collection.

You can find this sound in this video -

Click for Curtis P-40 Taxi, Old Warden sound recording page

P-40 with commentary

The Hanger 11 collection's P.40 arriving at Old Warden with an introduction to the aircraft by the airshow commentator. I usually remove these as outtakes but this one is good. Recorded 6th June 2010 at the Shuttleworth Collection.

Click for Curtis P-40 with commentary sound recording page

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